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Poreta – Trevi

The Oil Trail

Poreta – Trevi is the second section of the Trails in the Olive Belt. This is the “oil trail”, because the route is immersed in the rolling hills that lead from the lowland up to the town of Trevi, also known as one of the capitals of extra virgin olive oil. There are many active olive mills in this area, many of which are rooted in a tradition passed down through the generations. However, you might also magically chance upon an abbey, a Roman temple, an aristocratic theatre, an 18th-century villa, without knowing how.

The dovecote towers are a typical feature of the landscape in the second section of the Olive Belt Trails. Some of these buildings date back to the early 1300s when, during the internecine fights between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the Guelphs who were driven away from the city of Spoleto would seek shelter there. These towers, turned into dwellings after the 18th century, were used to breed wood pigeons, which produced an excellent fertiliser for the olive trees.

MAP

Start. Poreta – Trevi, the second route of the Olive Belt Trails officially starts from the old centre of the small village and immediately climbs up the hills towards the hamlet of Lenano. Skirting stonework banks, tree retaining walls and terracing, wending one’s way through the dry stone walls declared intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO, one reaches the small medieval fort of Campello Alto, 514 metres above sea level. The castle – which in the Middle Ages was a true crossroads of arts, trades and noble venturous conquerors – offers sweeping views of the Spoleto valley and one can rush down headfirst towards one of the beautiful sights praised by poets and writers: the Springs of the Clitunno river.

Intermediate point – The Springs of the Clitunno river (in the municipality of Campello sul Clitunno) are the intermediate point of the second route of the Olive Belt Trails. They form a small lake with crystal clear waters, featuring craters inside which are numerous spring heads. George Gordon, Lord Byron and Giosuè Carducci are among the many renowned visitors amazed by this marvel.

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End – Trevi is one of Umbria’s most picturesque villages. Nestled on the hilltop, it offers breathtaking views with olive groves dotting the surrounding hills. In 1581, on his journey from Rome to Loreto, the French philosopher Montaigne wrote near Trevi, “However this may be, it is a town built on the side of a high hill, occupying a site which reaches half-way up the slope, and most pleasantly situated, the mountain being covered throughout with olive trees”. Nowadays Trevi is known not only for the quality of its oil, but also for its special local produce, protected by the Slow Food organisation, such as black celery.

TECHNICAL DATA

Length

15.685 metres

Elevation Gain

307 metres

Difficulty

Medium

Type of Route

20% tarmac, 80% unpaved

Duration

7h 30m

Route Pattern

Linear

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GUIDES (PDF) AND TRACKS (GPX)

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DID YOU KNOW THAT...?

The art of dry stone walls/1

UNESCO has included “the art of dry stone walls” in the list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity”, which concerns Italy, but also countries such as Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Slovenia, Spain and Switzerland.

The art of dry stone walls/2

The art consists in building the walls by precisely stacking the stones, without using any other materials except, in some cases, dry soil. This practical knowledge is preserved and handed down in rural communities, where it is deeply rooted, and among professionals in the construction sector.

Banks, tree retaining walls and terracing

Stonework made with rows of stones stacked without any binding material, with the irregular sides of the stones arranged in such a way as to create effective contrasts. The route is full of them, especially in the area around Campello.

Cisterns

Many houses in the area had cisterns to collect rainwater runoff. The shortage of water, which in the hills is rich in solid limescale, led people to build large cisterns to collect rainwater for the sustenance vegetable gardens next to the houses.

Olive harvest/1: hand-picking

Up until a few years ago, olives were hand-picked when they were appropriately ripe. The harvest started when the olives were properly ripe, black, in order to obtain a higher yield.

Olive harvest//2: the cuitujo 

Every man or woman harvesting olives had a ladder and a cuitujo, a hempen cloth bag with a wooden half-circle on the border, and a shoulder strap. Olives were hand-picked from the leafy branches, collected in the cuitujo and then taken on donkey back to the collecting points.

WHAT TO SEE

This area embodies Umbria’s true spirit. Small villages and tiny hamlets that over time have become rare gems with their history, hidden art and knowledge.

aqueducts
Medieval Aqueduct of Trevi
MEDIEVAL AQUEDUCT OF TREVI The medieval Aqueduct of Trevi, known as the aqueduct of Fulcione or of the conduits. In 1587, Monsignor Innocenzo Malvasia describedRead more
churches
Church of San Francesco
Church of San Francesco It features a very simple architectural layout, in line with the style of the mendicant orders: a single nave with aRead more
Church of San Giovanni
Church of San Giovanni Originally called S. Giovanni della Piazza (de platea), in former times it was owned by the Municipality who joined it toRead more
Church of San Sebastiano
Church of San Sebastiano Built by the community of Campello between 1522 and 1528 to thank the Virgin and her intercessors, St. Roch and St.Read more
Church of Santi Cipriano e Giustina
Church of Santi Cipriano e Giustina With a Romanesque plan, it was built by the Benedictines around the 11th century in honour of St. Cyprian.Read more
Church of Santa Maria in Piedi
Church of Santa Maria in Piedi A 14th-century church that was restored around the 1600’s. Subsequent restorations were carried out in 1830, as documented byRead more
Church of San Donato
Church of San Donato The building, altered several times over the centuries, retains its Romanesque layout with the recessed portal and the lunette painted inRead more
Church of San Lorenzo
Church of San Lorenzo The church of San Lorenzo houses paintings from the first half of the 14th century on the walls of the singleRead more
olive mills
Mill on Clitunno
Mill on Clitunno The building just below the temple is the ancient mill owned by the municipality of Spoleto. The lunette at the entrance ofRead more
palazzos
Town Hall of Trevi
Town Hall of Trevi The town hall of Trevi, built in the 13th century, is located in the town centre and also features a municipalRead more
temples
Il Tempietto del Clitunno
TEMPIETTO DEL CLITUNNO The Tempietto del Clitunno, a small chapel in the shape of a temple, is one of the seven gems of Italian LombardRead more
dovecote towers
Dovecotes of Lenano
Dovecotes of Lenano These of Lenano date back to the early 1300s when in these lands, during the internal power struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, Read more
castles
Pissignano Castle
PISSIGNANO CASTLE According to tradition, its name comes from the old term Pissinianum, that is, pool of Janus, a building that stood near the current Read more
Campello Alto Castle
CAMPELLO ALTO CASTLE We are about 514 above sea level. According to tradition, the castle was founded in the mid-10th century (921) by count Rovero Read more
convents
Convent of The Barnabites
Convent of The Barnabites The first records on the convent date back to 1228, which is when the presence of a small female monastery named Read more
springs
The Springs of Clitunno
The Springs Of Clitunno This is a small lake with very clear waters featuring craters, inside which there are numerous spring heads. At the bottom Read more
museums
Museum of the Olive Civilisation
Museum of the Olive Civilisation Since the Middle Ages, the large quantity of olive trees was needed for the local production of an essential product Read more
ville
Villa Stefanesca or Villa Sansi
Villa Stefanesca or villa Sansi The villa was built by order of Monsignor Filippo Campili in 1764. In 1816, the villa passed to the hands Read more
Villa Fabri
VILLA FABRI It was erected by order of Girolamo Fabri at the end of the 16th century, “for the relief of his old age, to Read more
Villa Campello
VILLA CAMPELLO The counts of Campello settled at the feet of the castle around 1347. The site was in a central position to maintain contacts Read more
Teatrino Gentilizio “Aristocratic Theatre” of Villa Campello
Teatrino Gentilizio “Aristocratic Theatre” of Villa Campello A country house in the hamlet of Malborghetto was home to the 19th-century theatre of the Campello family. Read more

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