Spoleto is located at the southern end of the Umbrian Valley.
The town developed on the hill of Sant’Elia, a low hilly headland at the foot of Monteluco, near the river Clitunno, and further down up to the banks of the Tessino stream. Its eastern side is bordered by the mountains marking the Valnerina valley.
The birth of the Duchy of Spoleto dates back to 571 AD, following the feats of Faroald I, a Lombard officer at the head of the garrison controlling central Italy. The Lombards, a population from the Pannonian plain in Hungary, settled in Italy in 568.
“A well-fortified city, defended by a hundred towers”, it was destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa in the mid-1100s. Nowadays, all its charm deriving from a centuries-old history is still intact.