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Church of San Giovanni Profiamma

Church of San Giovanni Profiamma

The church devoted to St. John the Baptist was built to replace the previous Roman basilica. It has a Romanesque facade symmetrically divided into two parts.

At the bottom is the recessed portal with sculptural elements dating from the same time of the church, at the top, above the string course made from salvaged Roman elements, is the rose window, which is not original.

On the sides, there are two small bifora windows with two corbels. Visitors are welcomed by the sculpted image of St. George or bishop St.Felix holding a book with the words PAX VOBIS written on it. The arches of the portal sit on carved corbels, whose figures portray medieval fables.

On the left, a man has a winged dragon eat a stone. At the top, on the archivolt, there is the scene of the fox pretending to be dead while the crow pecks its mouth. In the abacus of the arch on the right is a marble tile carved with the image of a holy bishop and a dragon pierced by the pastoral staff. The corbel shows an ox whose horns form two volutes of the capital.

On the other side, the corbel features the head of a bird, which also has large volutes framing the face of a man, perhaps the author of the sculptures. Set between the narrow rows of stones on the facade, the slightly roughed Lamb of God and a salvaged Roman piece.

The interior is Romanesque with a single nave. At the bottom, above the raised presbytery is the altar covered by a Romanesque ciborium. Below is the crypt.

Forum Flaminii

The road built by consul Gaius Flaminio in 220 BC passed through San Giovanni Profiamma. Forum Flaminii was founded at the same time the road was made, to be used as a merchant junction founded at the centre of the Ager Romanus. Forum Flaminii was a bishop’s see.

The city continued to be a lively centre up until the 8th century and an early Christian basilica from the 5th-6th century AD was discovered in 1929 (apsidal hall with a tripartite longitudinal zone separate from the apse area) with a mosaic floor. The mosaic was removed and is on display at Palazzo Trinci in Foligno.

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