Medieval Aqueduct of Trevi
The medieval Aqueduct of Trevi, known as the aqueduct of Fulcione or of the conduits.
In 1587, Monsignor Innocenzo Malvasia described the aqueduct as follows: “It conveys clear water (in Trevi) three miles away through a very beautiful aqueduct, which is maintained at great expense and care by the Community for the need it has of said water”(“Visita dell’Umbria” by Monsignor Malvagia, Vatican Apostolic Library, Chigi Collection, I, I, 25) .
The year of construction of the aqueduct remains unknown, though it very likely dates back to about the mid-1200s, as do the waterworks of the other towns of the region. It remained in operation up until the 1950s.
DRY STONE WALLS
The walls were built with roughed stones from the fields or those, locally known as formoni, obtained by excavating the rock to plant olive trees.
The stones were placed on the rock bed and smaller stones were placed behind the larger ones to drain the water.
This way, the wall was elastic and moved according to the movement of the ground above it.
THE LAYOUT OF THE OLIVE GROVES
Here one can see what man has been able to do over time to plant the olive groves. Above the line of the aqueduct, the olive trees are laid out in rows, while below it they are placed randomly according to the profile of the terrain.
There are two different planting techniques: the first one, neater and governed by Papal edicts, while the second one involves a random arrangement according to the terrain and where the plant can grow best.
Dovecote tower, what remains of the enclosure.
Old enclosure with boundary wall. Inside, there is still a cultivated vegetable garden with the water cistern. In former times, the area was served by a water duct diverted from the main aqueduct.
Shrine of Sant’Antonio
Made to provide shelter for wayfarers, the old rural shrine originally had a canopy that covered the whole of the carriageway. The brotherhood collected the offerings of travellers who left them in a box.
Church of Santa Caterina
These are the remains of a church built on a rock spur where a leprosarium used to be. It holds a valuable, early 14th-century fresco depicting the Crucifixion and St. Catherine. On St. Catherine’s Day a ceremony was held at the beginning of the olive harvest in front of this church, now merely a votive shrine.